FinTech

What is a TFN in Australia

Understanding what identification numbers are in use in Australia is crucial for those planning to conduct business in the country. TFN is one of the most vital numbers, and it's essential to have a clear picture of its significance. In this article, we aim to explore what is a TFN, who needs to obtain [...]

Conversion of Russian ADRs and GDRs

A depositary receipt is a valuable security issued by foreign issuers that confirms an investor's right to a certain number of shares. Depositary receipts for shares of Russian issuers have traditionally been issued by major American and other foreign banks such as BNY Mellon, JPMorgan, Citibank, Deutsche Bank, and others. Due to the current sanctions [...]

Depositary receipts: what they are, types, and differences from stocks.

In the modern globalized economy, companies often operate in multiple countries, trading their stocks on various stock exchanges around the world. This has led to an increase in demand for financial instruments that allow investors to invest in foreign companies without facing currency and regulatory system complexities. One such instrument is a depositary receipt. [...]

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